264 IGPM264.pdf        September 2006
TITLE An Extended Pressure Finite Element Space for Two-Phase Incompressible Flows with Surface Tension
AUTHORS Sven Groß, Arnold Reusken
ABSTRACT We consider a standard model for incompressible two-phase flows in which a localized force at the interface describes the effect of surface tension. If a level set (or VOF) method is applied then the interface, which is implicitly given by the zero level of the level set function, is in general not aligned with the triangulation that is used in the discretization of the flow problem. This non-alignment causes severe difficulties w.r.t. the discretization of the localized surface tension force and the discretization of the flow variables. In cases with large surface tension forces the pressure has a large jump across the interface. In standard finite element spaces, due to the non-alignment, the functions are continuous across the interface and thus not appropriate for the approximation of the discontinuous pressure. In many simulations these effects cause large oscillations of the velocity close to the interface, so-called spurious velocities. In this paper, for a simplified model problem, we give an analysis that explains why known (standard) methods for discretization of the localized force term and for discretization of the pressure variable often yield large spurious velocities. In the paper [1] we introduce a new and accurate method for approximation of the surface tension force. In the present paper we use the extended finite element space (XFEM), presented in [2,3], for the discretization of the pressure. We show that the size of spurious velocities is reduced substantially, provided we use both the new treatment of the surface tension force and the extended pressure finite element space.
KEYWORDS pressure finite element space, two-phase flow, surface tension, spurious velocities
DOI 10.1016/j.jcp.2006.12.021
PUBLICATION Journal of Computational Physics
Volume 224, Issue 1, Pages 40-58 (2007)