539 RWTH Publication No: 808857        2020       
TITLE Rank Bounds for Approximating Gaussian Densities in the Tensor-Train Format
AUTHORS Paul B. Rohrbach, Sergey Dolgov, Lars Grasedyck, Robert Scheichl
ABSTRACT Low-rank tensor approximations have shown great potential for uncertainty quantification in high dimensions, for example, to build surrogate models that can be used to speed up large-scale inference problems (Eigel et al., Inverse Problems 34, 2018; Dolgov et al., Statistics & Computing 30, 2020). The feasibility and efficiency of such approaches depends critically on the rank that is necessary to represent or approximate the underlying distribution. In this paper, a-priori rank bounds for approximations in the functional tensor-train representation for the case of Gaussian models are developed. It is shown that under suitable conditions on the precision matrix, the Gaussian density can be approximated to high accuracy without suffering from an exponential growth of complexity as the dimension increases. These results provide a rigorous justification of the suitability and the limitations of low-rank tensor methods in a simple but important model case. Numerical experiments confirm that the rank bounds capture the qualitative behavior of the rank structure when varying the parameters of the precision matrix and the accuracy of the approximation. Finally, the practical relevance of the theoretical results is demonstrated in the context of a Bayesian filtering problem.
KEYWORDS tensor, Tensor-Train, high-dimensional, low rank, Gaussian probability distribution
DOI 10.1137/20M131465
PUBLICATION SIAM/ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification, Vol. 10, Iss. 3 (2022)