576 RWTH Publication No: 861582        2022       
TITLE Data-Driven Models for Traffic Flow at Junctions
AUTHORS Michael Herty, Niklas Kolbe
ABSTRACT Traffic flow on networks requires knowledge on the behavior across traffic intersections. For macroscopic models based on hyperbolic conservation laws there exist nowadays many ad-hoc models describing this behavior. Based on car trajectory data we propose a novel framework combining data-fitted models with the requirements of consistent coupling conditions for macroscopic models of traffic junctions. A method for deriving density and flux corresponding to the traffic close to the junction for data-driven models is presented. Within the models parameter fitting as well as machine-learning approaches enter to obtain suitable boundary conditions for macroscopic first and second-order traffic flow models. The prediction of various models are compared considering also existing coupling rules at the junction. Numerical results imposing the data-fitted coupling models on a traffic network are presented.
KEYWORDS Macroscopic traffic flow models, coupling conditions, hyperbolic conservation laws