599 RWTH Publication No: 957675        2019       
TITLE Adaptive Low-Rank Approximations for Operator Equations: Accuracy Control and Computational Complexity
AUTHORS Markus Bachmayr, Wolfgang Dahmen
ABSTRACT The challenge of mastering computational tasks of enormous size tends to frequently override questioning the quality of the numerical outcome in terms of accuracy. By this we do not mean the accuracy within the discrete setting, which itself may also be far from evident for ill-conditioned problems or when iterative solvers are involved. By accuracy-controlled computation we mean the deviation of the numerical approximation from the exact solution of an underlying continuous problem in a relevant metric, which has been the initiating interest in the first place. Can the accuracy of a numerical result be rigorously certified - a question that is particularly important in the context of uncertainty quantification, when many possible sources of uncertainties interact. This is the guiding question throughout this article, which reviews recent developments of low-rank approximation methods for problems in high spatial dimensions. In particular, we highlight the role of adaptivity when dealing with such strongly nonlinear methods that integrate in a natural way issues of discrete and continuous accuracy.
KEYWORDS Nonlinear approximation, Tensor formats, low-rank approximation, hard and soft thresholding, high-dimensional diffusion equations, parametric PDEs, approximation classes, a posteriori error bounds, convergence and complexity